Regular eye examinations
An eye examination is a vital check on the health of the eyes and includes the detection of eye conditions. Many of these, if found early, can be treated successfully, avoiding potential sight loss. Have an eye examination every two years.
Smoking is linked to a 3-fold increase in the risk of macular degeneration and some other eye conditions such as cataracts. In fact, the link is as strong as the link between smoking and lung cancer. Speak to your GP about stopping smoking.
Reduce exposure to UV light.
UVA and UVB rays in sunlight can harm your eyes and may increase the risk of macular degeneration and cataracts. Wearing sunglasses, glasses or contacts lenses with a built in UV filter will protect your eyes. Only buy sunglasses that have a CE mark or carry British Standard BSEN 1863:1997.
Eat a diet rich in green leafy vegetables.
Eating a diet low in saturated fats but rich in green leafy vegetables such as spinach, kale and broccoli may help protect against eye disease. Oranges, kiwis, nuts, seeds and oily fish may also help. Obesity can increase the risk of diabetes, which in turn could lead to sight loss.
Eat a diet rich in oily fish
Take an appropriate supplement